Biological Impacts of Ocean Acidification (Phase II): An assessment of the economic impacts of ocean acidification on the local scale

Ocean Acidification (OA) has been gaining increasing recognition in the policy circles recently, due to an increasing number of studies on biological and ecological impacts of OA. However, estimates of socio-economic impacts are still almost absent. Moreover, all of those studies rely on extremely reduced representations of regional socio-economic characteristics, and importantly, poorly reflect the vulnerability or adaptive capacity of local populations to OA effects. In this work package, we analyse economic impacts of OA by focusing on two specific environments, each of which is settled by a population with a different level of economic development.

Duration:     2012-2015 (Phase II)
Funding:     German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF)
Partners:     Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven (AWI); Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg; GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel; Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Centre for Materials and Coastal Research (HZG); Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf; Jacobs University, Bremen; Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW); Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin (IGB); Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Warnemünde; Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology, Bremen (ZMT); MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen; Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen (MPI); PreSens Precision Sensing GmbH, Regensburg; University of Bremen; University of Hamburg; University of Koblenz-Landau; University of Münster; University of Rostock; Ruhr University, Bochum
Contact:     Prof. Dr. Katrin Rehdanz


What determines people’s willingness to accept new climate change mitigation options?

Combating climate change poses a major challenge to governments, industry and society. Since international negotiations on emission reduction agreements have had limited success so far, governments have started considering, among other things, new options that may help to mitigate climate change. Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) and climate engineering (CE) are such options. Before testing or implementing any of these instruments, costs and benefits as well as the associated risks need to be evaluated. The project intends to broaden the scientific knowledge of the issue by obtaining comprehensive empirical evidence on the determinants of people’s willingness to accept these measures and to close an existing research gap focusing on Germany.

Duration:     2012-2015
Funding:     German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF)
Partner:     Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW)
Contact:     Prof. Dr. Katrin Rehdanz


Arctic Climate Change, Economy and Society

With ongoing climate change the Arctic Ocean changes. Rising temperatures lead to receding sea ice, with severe implications for the ecosystem. Growing interest in the Arctic Ocean as a shipping route, fishing ground and resource hold, imply both grand opportunities and threatening risks. The ACCESS project will evaluate the social and economic implications of a change in the accessibility of the Arctic Ocean, point out the according risks and provide an assessment of the inherent trade-offs.

Duration:     2012-2015
Funding:     FP7-Ocean-2010/CP-IP, EC-DG Transport
Partners:     UPMC – Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris; LOCEAN, Paris; LATMOS, Paris; LOV, Paris; O.A.Sys-Ocean Atmospheric Systems GmbH, Hamburg; Natural Environment Research Council; Southampton; University of Cambridge; AWI - Alfred-Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven; Nofima Marin AS; HSVA – Hamburgische Schiffbau-Versuchsanstalt; Norsk Polarinstitute; Tromsø; Meteorologisk Institutt, Oslo; Fastopt GmbH, Hamburg; SAMS - The Scottish Association for Marine Science, Argyll; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Stockholm; P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow; IMPAC Offshore Engineering GmbH, Hamburg; Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona; Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt EV, Cologne; Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute of Roshydromet, St.Petersburg; Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin; Lapin Yliopisto; Sintef Fiskeri og Havbruk AS, Rovaniemi; Cicero Senter for Klimaforskning, Oslo; Stiftelsen Sintef; EWI - Energiewirtschaftliche Institut an der Universität zu Köln; Association Le cercle polaire, Paris; Nordic Bulk Carriers A/S, Hellerup
Contact:     Prof. Dr. Katrin Rehdanz


Urban Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Preferences, subjective well-being and public perception

Today, cities are facing enormous challenges resulting from global change, e.g. in the climate system. Ecosystems provide flexibility in urban landscapes and help build adaptive capacity to cope with such challenges as, for example, the increased risk of heat waves and flooding. However, systematic knowledge about the links between urban biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being is still largely missing. Moreover, urban ecosystem services are generally not priced on markets and thus usually under-provided by market forces. In order to reconcile the sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in urban areas with an ever growing demand for land use, the ecological, socio-cultural and monetary values of ecosystem services need to be fully incorporated into decision making processes.

The aim of the URBES project is to (1) analyze the role of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services for human well-being, (2) to quantify and value their contribution to human well-being, and (3) to give policy advice for sustainable long-term urban land-use management.

Laufzeit:     2012-2015
Funding:     German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF); URBES is part of the BiodivERsA initiative within the European Union’s 7th Framework Program for Research and Technological Development (FP7-ERA-NET).
Partners:     The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics; Drift - Dutch Research Institute for Transition, Rotterdam; Erasmus University Rotterdam; Humboldt University Berlin; ICLEI, Bonn; icta - Institute of Science and Technology, Barcelona; IUCN - International Union for Conversation of Nature; Mistra Urban Futures, Gothenburg; Stockholm Resilience Centre; Stockholm University; TUM Technische Universität München; Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona; Salzburg University; University of Helsinki; The New School, New York
Contact:     Prof. Dr. Katrin Rehdanz and Dr. Christine Bertram (IfW)


Methodologies regarding Economic and Social Analyses and Impact Assessments of Measures including Cost-Benefit-Analyses in the context of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive

The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC - MSFD) obliges the EU Member States to achieve or maintain “Good Environmental Status” (GES) in their marine environments by 2020 at the latest. For the purpose of achieving or maintaining GES, marine strategies containing programs of measures shall be developed and implemented in order to protect and preserve the marine environment, prevent its deterioration or, where practicable, restore marine ecosystems in areas where they have been adversely affected. Prior to implementing such measures, however, the MSFD requires the Member States to conduct Impact Assessments, including Cost-Benefit-Analyses (CBA). In this context, the project aims at generating information about the economic benefits associated with marine protection measures, developing a methodology to quantify the benefits of such measures in order to include these into a CBA, in a practical and understandable way.

Duration:     2010-2012
Funding:     German Environment Agency (UBA, FKZ 3710 25 202)
Partners:     InterSus Sustainability Services, Berlin; Fresh Thoughts Consulting, Vienna, Stuttgart University - Institute of Energy Economics and Rational Energy Use; GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel; TU Berlin
Kontakt:     Prof. Dr. Katrin Rehdanz and Dr. Christine Bertram (IfW)